Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of limb body wall complex
In this report, a case of limb body wall complex (LBWC) diagnosed by ultrasonography is presented. Limbbody wall complex refers to a rare combination of disruptive and lethal abnormalities which start early in the gestational process. Abnormalities commonly associated with this disorder include cranio-facial abnormalities, scoliosis, ventral body wall defect (thoraco-abdominoschisis), limb deformations, short umbilical cord, and others. Other terms used to describe similar findings include short umbilical cord syndrome, body-stalk anomaly, and amniotic band syndrome. This complex should be distinguished from other body-wall defects including omphalocele and gastroschisis since the prognosis for limb-body wall complex is uniformly poor. The diagnosis of limb-body wall complex can be made by prenatal sonography.
Key words: limb body wall complex, abdominal wall defects, amniotic bands, amniotic band syndrome, ultrasonography.
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