Iatrogenic Genitourinary Fistula: Changing Trends
Aims: To study the frequency of iatrogenic cause amongst the surgery done for genitourinary fistula and to study the type and cause of iatrogenic genitourinary fistula.
Methods: This is retrospective study of women undergoing surgery for genitourinary fistula repair from year 2013 to 2018. The analysis considers frequency and characteristics of type of fistula.
Results: Out of 223 genitourinary fistula 75 (33.6%) were iatrogenic. Vaginal vault fistula were 25% followed by uretero-vaginal fistula (32.9%), vesico-vaginal fistula (32.9%) and there were 4 iatrogenic recto-vaginal fistula; 81.6% of the iatrogenic fistula had preceding history of hysterectomy followed by emergency caesarean section (17.1%). There is annual increasing trend in iatrogenic fistula repair from 3 to 23.
Conclusions: Women undergoing hysterectomy were under risk for iatrogenic fistula. Optimum work environment is important to reduce surgical error during procedures. Operating training should be emphasised on optimal surgical skills, decision making.
Keywords: genitourinary fistula, ureteric fistula, vault fistula
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